Sixteen hundred years ago, Hypatia became one of the world's leading scholar during the era of the  Great Library of Alexandria.

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Chapter XI - Cosmos University

XI - 01: Cosmic rules

XI - 02: Course 1 - Found your life on the right basis

XI - 03: Course 2 - Towards a Superior State of Conscience

XI - 04: Course 3 - Acquisition of the shamanic conscience

XI - 05: Course 4 - How to reach the Absolute

You  are Here ! XI - 06: Course 5 - The fundations of an authentic civiization

XI - 07: Course 6 - The model of eco-development - The "Children of the earth"'s civilization

XI - 08: Course 7 - Definition of an authentic civilization - The "Children of the Cosmos".

Part 6 - Course 5

I assert (or he/she asserts), from a direct experience.

"To teach superstitions as truth is the most terrible thing" Hypatia

Since the Nov. 18, 2001 you are th visitor of sens-de-la-vie.com.

French version.  

Summary

Definition of the civilization

Analysis of the two types of civilizations' values and their mutations

Then, why the cities?

Analysis of the positive and the negative aspects of these two types of civilization, and conclusion.

Foundation Ampewi Numpa

The School of the future leaders of the world

Course 5

 CONCEIVING AN AUTHENTIC AND DURABLE CIVILIZATION

5.01 Definition of the civilization  

WARNING

You may be very surprised with the information you will read in this page: but keep in mind that "sens-de-la-vie" neither takes a stand for any ideal, nor judges any of the following facts. We just invites you to think about some subjects that are presently considered as taboo.

The civilization can be defined as a process where, from the beginning of humanity, the Man -under the influence of the Conscience-Life-Energy- chose to move away from the animal behaviour, to develop in himself the superior aptitudes: he made himself a Man.

For that -and a long time before the birth of the civilization, the cities, the writing and the religions-, the Man invented the rules, of which the most important of them was abandoned by the modern civilizations: the initiatic rituals of the children, entering into the adult life.

 

A Kashorawe-teris girl is smeared with onoto (a plant from South America)

The ethnologists generally consider that these rituals consist in preparing: the boys to their future role of warrior, and the girls to their future roles of spouse and mother. These rituals were also giving a teaching about the mythical origins of the tribe and about the religious rules. These are true facts, but they are only a part of these rituals: not the most important ones.

These rituals existed in every ancient People -even the most primitive-, and they are not only a symbol as for the Christian Holy Communion.

All these rituals have in common:

To take place at the beginning of the boys' puberty and the girls' marriageable age.

To be preceded by a period of fasting and deprivations.

To oblige the children to face a fear.

To impose children on undergoing a very biting physical pain, at length, without complaining: this requires a lot of courage.

To instill into the girls that they should prefer to marry the young men who were the most successful with these hardships.

To associate to the rituals the acquisition of the Shamanic Conscience (such as for the Sioux's quest of the vision that starts at the beginning of the puberty).

To banish from the community those who fail. (It is even possible that those who failed were killed or eaten, at the far origins of these rituals).

To be the occasion for huge gatherings and festivities.

Only a Man can overcome his fear: for example, walking on white-hot embers or accepting that carnivorous ants eat his own flesh. Only a Man can fast: an animal will neither never confront fire, nor voluntarily deprive itself of eating if it is hungry and that there is available food.

The fact that these hardships always take place before the entrance into the sexual life is very significant of the deliberate will to keep the tribe away from the under-human genes: or the "animal-genes".

You have to know that in a very far past, when many species of proto-humans and humans were coexisting together on the Earth, the enlightened humans applied a politics of elimination of the archaic genes -and not only with these rituals. Paleontologists are surprised by the sudden disappearance of the Neanderthal species: they don't have any idea about what happened. I answer you: according to myself, this species disappeared in the Homo-Sapiens' stomach (at least a big part of them). I am convinced that the Homo-Sapiens -or: Us- hunted and ate the Neanderthal's flesh, and maybe other primitive human species: the Homo-Sapiens' superior intelligence easily allowed it to do it.

I believe that these very ancient rituals had a decisive influence in the "humanization" of our species, at the distant times, when the real humanity was slowly and hardly coming out of the animalism. Obviously, there is no fossil remaining from these rituals: but the oral tradition -of which we know the amazing accuracy- of the People that had no writing, allows us to assert the universal importance of these rituals.

I am completely convinced that the children's rituals of Initiation (by serious physical and moral hardships), before integrating them into the adults' community -and so authorizing them to get married, was a will of genetic self-selection associated to the will to maintain the links of the society's cohesion. And, in the same way than the "humanization", there is also for the Man a recessive tendency to the "animalization": evolution is not a single process, as there are also some regressions of the "humanization" and of the civilization...

Here is a picture of this amazing (but observable) phenomenon in our societies: an American Marines :o)

Examples: some descendants of the Incas, escaping the persecutions of the Spanish colonizers, left their cities to take refuge in the Amazonian forest: there, they lost most of their technologies (for example: ceramics or weaving) and started to live like the Stone Age men.

One African tribe, under the influence of inter-tribal wars and massacres, lost any form of civilization and returned to a total animalism. (I forgot its name but I am sure about this fact). The African give us the feeling that it was civilized in a very distant past, and Africa is not a virgin land: on the contrary, it is a continent where you can feel (everywhere) the presence of the civilized People.

The ancients were totally conscious and had the very strong wills in this way: that is, favouring "humanization" and fighting the animal regression.

The genetic self-selection was not confined to the rituals of the puberty, but were also generating the elimination of the birth-subnormal children (and even the elimination of the twins for some cultures). This is the case of the Roman Fathers -"Pater Familias- who had the right to kill their children: a right that most of them were occasionally applying.

The universal prohibition of incest: of which everybody knows the genetic dangers.

Tahca Ushté said: "We had a truly obsessional fear of the incest."

These bans about incest were going farer than ours: since sexual relations were prohibited, not only within the family (in a very large sense of the word), but also between the people belonging to the same totem (1): that is, likely to have a common ancestor -even 10.000 years ago.

(1) : The totem is the "Wakan" energy that made an alliance with a group of men; as a result it is the symbolic ancestor of the clan.

It is generally an animal, but it can also be anything else. The word "totem" came inside our vocabulary, referring to the "totemic" poles: these carved poles were adorning the wooden houses' fronts of the North-Western tribes, such as the Haidas. These poles, which were about 12 meters high, were heraldic monuments testifying to a family's common ancestor, such as our European coats of arms. Some poles could also be funeral monuments. And finally, to inform you, only these tribes erected these poles: for example, neither the Sioux, nor anywhere else on the North-West America you could find totems.

If you are interested by totems, and the American Indians from the North, I recommend you to read: "La grande aventure des Indiens d'Amérique du Nord" (The big adventure of the American Indians of the North) published by the Reader's digest Selection

The obligation for the husbands and wives to choose together in different clans is called exogamy; and the constraint go farer than the taboo of incest, because it forced the men to find their wives in other communities.

The systematic children's adoption from other races: this is what practiced some People, especially the Mongols and many American Indian tribes.

The prohibition -or the repugnance- to copulate (or to marry) with partners who have a black skin, that is any ethnic groups with black or dark skin. This is a common fact for every People to seek for women who have a white skin. The whiteness of the skin is a criterion of every country, including Africa. Japanese consider themselves as the only true white race. And these prejudices about the color of the skin don't come from the white people's supremacy during their colonial period (even if this period reinforced them): these prejudices seem to be universal and very ancient. Amazing, isn't it? And this wish to have a white skin is very strong amongst Asian people.

Grandiose religious rituals and feasts, gathering the People and reinforcing (by the enthusiasm) its feeling of membership to a certain nation or a certain culture. (And this is true for every nation, with no exception).

The extolling of the ethnic group's qualities (by the leaders and the teachers), associated to a (more or less) contempt of the others'. (This fact is still very common everywhere today).

What I intend, is not to open a polemic debate about these practices that are totally contradictory with the actual dominant ideology of our western history. I just would like to highlight that the ancient People had some wills that we completely (or partially) abandoned.

Namely :

Favouring the genetic diversity, by the prohibition of incest and the practice of the population's mixing resulting from the exogamy.

Eliminating subnormal or animal genes: either by rituals of the puberty initiation, or by killing subnormal children.

Favouring the genes of the light-coloured skin, and I don't know why. It is may be a reminiscence from the fight against the pre-humans who probably had a dark skin, such as the monkeys.

Reinforcing, by all the possible means, the factors of adhesion, agreement, and bearings of their civilization's values.

Fighting against the factors of disintegration, particularly through: big feasts, huge gatherings, sumptuary rituals, puberty initiation rituals and the education of the children in this way.

This will cannot be stupidly assimilated to racism, regarding the meaning of this word today, otherwise these People would not have practiced adoptions and marriages with people coming from different races than theirs. It can't either be assimilated to a simple patriotism. It just comes from a powerful thought -which lasted for millenniums- of a genetic self-selection and a maintenance of the civilization against the factors that have a tendency to be disintegrated.

So, the ancient Civilization can be -also- considered as the whole of the measures made to favour the evolution of the human body, in which Conscience is incarnated. This starts with the conscious of the Man of his own humanity, and of the collective human actions favouring the "humanization" and the factors of social cohesion.

It disappears when the Man forgets his own humanity, stops to fight the factors of return to the animalism and the social disintegration: this is, unfortunately, the actual tendency.

It seems clear that some People could hardly be considered as civilized (even if I personally never met some of them, except in the cities), but they are not the subject of our reflection that only concerns the civilization. In my opinion, there are only two big type of human civilization: each of them having generated a ludicrous mutation; we will see this problem later.

Return to summary

5.02 Analysis of the two types of civilizations' values and their mutations 

The values of the civilization "pure type 1" or 1/A

 

Village of the Miccosukees Indians in the Everglades - Source: National Geographic

"The Children of the Earth"

This civilization, which is nearly as ancient as the man, is founded on a smooth and cyclic exploitation of the natural and oceanic resources through hunting - fishing - picking - pastoral nomad breeding, and little agriculture with the farming of plots regarding the established rotations: it is not common to all the primitive People, but was quite widespread.
And about the land, that neither can't be sold nor divided, it is a common inheritance managed by the whole group.

It is, most of the time (but not always, examples: Hopi, Pueblo, Asian mountain tribes), associated to a semi-nomad or nomad way of life, of which the social frame is the tribe or the nation.

Its spiritual belief based on a unique and single basis (Universal belief and practice for all the ancient People of the 5 continents, except for Africa) is the shamanism, of which the practice is essentially individual; it is persuaded that Nature is good, and so does the Man because he is a part of it.

 
Its laws are not written but customary and unwritten, in accordance with the commonly admitted and respected rules. The application of these laws results from a reciprocal self-vigilance, and if the occasion should arise a communitarian sanction.

Its political structure is most of the time formally indeterminate, regarding our criterions. It results of the individual importance and wisdom of the people who influence the most the group's democratic choices.

Sometimes, such as for the Mongols or the ancient Indo-Europeans, it is founded on Aristocracy that set up in Eurasia 3 social classes: the Priests- the Warriors - and the Farmers/Traders. This system divides up the obligations and the rights of the people in 3 groups corresponding to the 3 social functions:

1) Teaching and leading spiritually

2) Protecting and managing

3) Producing the economic wealth by agriculture, craftworks and commercial activities.

The Celts, Aryas, and all the Indo-European tribes -a long time before they became sedentary- knew this social structure, which at the origin is not hereditary but results in the individual aptitudes, including the Supreme Sovereignty that was elective.

The recent petrifaction (recent in a just perspective) of this balanced system, by the hereditary passing on of the privileges, was the consequence of these people moving in the cities.

Its knows the collective and the personal property: but most of the time it ignores the private property.

Its prototype is the civilization of the Sioux .

Its philosophy is founded on the Love of the world

and the respect of life.

* * *

The values of the civilization mutant type 1 or 1/B

"The children of the herd"

This type of civilization, also very ancient, is an aberrant mutation of the type 1: and this mutation is the result of the forgetting the hunters' ancestral values.
It is founded on the hypertrophy of the domestic herd, considered as the only criterion of wealth and power. Indeed, the herd generates: social status, money, and the ability to buy many wives.

In fact, even if this type of civilization seems to be close with the nature, it hates it and only loves its own herd: that it over increases regarding its real needs.

Consequently, the domestic livestock's proliferation generates deforestation (which is the consequence of the over-grazing) and desertification (which is the consequence of deforestation associated to over-gazing). It cuts down the trees, burn the forests and kill -with no more respect- all the animals it can eliminate: the carnivores because they eat the herd, and the herbivorous animals because they "steal" the grass of the herd.

Its ecological consequences are as disastrous as the industrial civilization: this type of civilization wiped out on its way entire regions of the world.

In 1993 in Senegal, going by minibus from Dakar to a hunting park located near Tambacunda, I was surprised to see from far that the right side of the road was green with many trees and 2-metre high grass, while the left side of the road was a desert without herb and with a few Baobabs. When I arrived near this surprising phenomenon, I quickly understood the reason: at the right of the Niokolo Koba Park - which is a reserve of fauna enclosed with a high fencing to prevent the domestic herd to come in - the way that the nature regenerated by itself - whereas on the right side I could observe the effect of the over-grazing. The driver explained me that the local pastors preferred to deprive themselves of everything than selling or eating a part of their livestock.

For this type of civilization, the land is above all a grazing for its domestic animals that it tries to accumulate as much as possible: it does not tolerate very much the other users of the land.

Most of the time it is nomad (examples: particularly the Australian and American breeders), and its social frame remains the tribe or the nation.

Its spiritual beliefs can be shamanism, monotheism, polytheism or animism.

Its laws can be written or unwritten. Nomad life associated to the absence of a fix social frame and to isolation, leads to extreme violent relationships between the breeders who have the tendency to do justice by themselves.

Its political structure is, most of the time, of the Aristocratic type.

Its prototype is the civilization of the Bedouins.

Its philosophy is founded on the refusal of any constraints.

* * * 

COMMENTARIES ABOUT THE PURE TYPE 1

I just described the pure type 1 in its complete maturity and its principal mutation. Nevertheless all the cultures of the hunters-pickers and the little farmers do not inevitably correspond to my description regarding the spiritual values.

It is worth a commentary.

I personally think, and I can even assert that I am sure, that the type 1 is the result of a very long evolution in the hunters' history that started at least 800.000 years ago.

In all probability, the first men (such as the actual African hunters of most of the tribes) did not care about anything else than their own survival and pleasures.

Nevertheless, the men in the Pale arctic zone had to face very quick and sudden climatic conditions, and hunting may have become extremely hard during the transition periods: it is obvious that it takes a long time to a new fauna to replace a previous fauna that quickly disappeared.

Note: the coming of an ice-age can be almost instantaneous if it is provoked by an obscuring of the sun. This obscuring can be due to the fact that: either the Earth is going across a zone of galactic dusts, or that our planet is hit by a big celestial object -of which the impact can create this phenomenon, or with the eruption of the super volcanoes. These facts already happened many times, and will obviously happen again.

Without any doubt, from these phenomenon the men became conscious that their lives were dependent on the animals (their rock-paintings are the obvious evidence), and also dependent on the Earth.

They understood very early that the support of their lives, and so their interdependence with the Earth, could disappear: a fact that everybody forgot today

Note: on the other hand, these hunters removed (or contributed to remove) some species by their excesses, such as the American long-horn bison for example and also its predators, such as the giant wolf or the American lion. Their techniques of hunting consisted in terrifying the animals -particularly by lighting huge fires, making them escaping towards a precipice: this process was very common and too much efficient. Such as Solutré in France, these waste-hunts generated terrible massacres; the excavations counted thousands of animals killed this way in only one site -in the USA, one of this site contains the bones of more than 200 American buffalos obviously killed during one single hunt.

 

 Painting by Arthur Lidov 

Moreover, at the first times of the hunting, when there were only a few men, the animals were certainly not easily scared and so easy to kill: such as we can see today in the reserves where the animals are not hunted, or in the zones populated with only a few humans. On the other hand, these repeated hunts and massacres certainly had the consequence to make the surviving animals extremely distrustful towards humans, and so hard to kill. Besides, one of the subject of dispute between the Red-Skins and the Whites was that the latest were driving the animals wilder and mad with their noisy firearms.
This important drop of the wild animals had 3 consequences:

1 Serious difficulties with the supplying for the following generations,

2 They became aware that they had to limit their takings,

3 The birth of the religious thought that is linked to these facts.

I my opinion and without any doubt, this is at these times that were born the philosophic and religious values of the type 1.

And the type 1, as any other civilizations, has also suffered the decline of the spirituality: which is, as everybody knows, at the period we are living now. In fact, the type 1 seriously lost its culture through its contacts with the civilization of the White people, starting from the 15th century. During the periods of colonization, the White men were not content with brutally confiscating the "children of the Earth" from their lands: they also decimated nearly all the tribes with their firearms and the diseases they spread - the Whites persecuted these tribes and banned their religious rites in the name of Christianity - the Whites forbade these tribes to use their own languages - the Whites deported entire People and snatched the children from their families in the name of civilization (I personally know an Australian Aborigine called Billie, who was snatched from his parents when he was 7 years old and placed in a "school". He is 50 years old today, and he has never found his family again) - the Whites also introduced money and consumerism.

Even some American Indians, under the influence of the White traders at soon as the 16th century, started to over-exploit their hunting lands to obtain, by the sales of the hides, alcohol, firearms, metal tools and other things that the White taught them to covet. The result was the growing scarcity of many animal species, such as the beaver * that was nearly extinct at the end of the 19th century.

The fact that, at the present time, the type 1 nearly completely disappeared must not make us neglecting the quality of the knowledge it transmitted us, and that we perfectly know.
 * * *

The values of the civilization pure type 2 or 2/A

"The children of the city"

According to the paleontologists, the second civilization started 8.000 years ago (cities of India, Turkey and Mesopotamia), but according to my opinion the civilization of the cities is older than they think (the civilization of the megaliths implied big human communities to move these stones, and so the cities). It is founded on the intensive transformation of the environment, especially for agriculture, breeding and industry.
For this civilization, land must be highlighted, which requires the collective or individual property, and so to divide it. Exploitation of the land still includes respect of the "foster and nutritious" land, because this civilization is conscious to depend of it and fears the famines.

It is still associated to a sedentary way of life: the city, of which the social frame is the State.

Its basic spiritual beliefs are extremely various -from polytheism to monotheism- but always established by religious Orders, with a collective practice and most of the time compulsory: this is the Religion of State.

 photo above extract from "The Ganges" published by Robert Laffont

Its Laws are written and decided by the State that sets up: police corps, courts and prisons to make the people respect these laws. This civilization accepts these constraining laws, and it globally respects them for the advantages they procure.

Its political structure has many variants (it is useless to enumerate them), but it is always based on the city and the State that confines itself to the necessary intervention.

It's prototype is the traditional civilization of the state-cities from Babylon to China: in India; or in America: the Incas, Mayas, Olmecs, Toltecs and Aztecs

Its philosophy foundation is the social Order.

 

 * * *

The values of its mutation: the type 2/B

The mutant type 2, or 2/B : "The children of the State"

This civilization was born because the type 2 had a mutation with the industrialization at the 18th century in Europe: and we know how important it became at the 20th century. It is founded on a fool over-exploitation of the resources that completely scorns the environment.

It does not respect the land and the Earth that are, in its eyes, only a dead support that can't be exploited or pillaged anymore. It also aims to do without this support (with the hydroponics cultures: that does not require land).

It is always associated to a mutation of the city: the Megalopolis that the State cannot control anymore, which leads to the disappearance of the social frame.

Its characteristic is the refusal of any spiritual values, and so it gives up the religious practices, or creates deviating religious practices not integrated in the collective social frame: the sects.

GRmmmm

this guy is fucking my

business!

Its laws abnormally increase, exactly like its megalopolis and the complexity it generates. Because of this abnormally increase, the laws stop to be coherent and intelligible. As a result, laws are neither respected nor admitted: they are just put up with People.

Its political structure is based on the omnipotent role of the State that intervenes in more and more private fields, whatever is the political system: capitalist or communist (or bastard of both of theses systems), and even Aristocratic.

Its prototype is our modern civilization.

Its philosophy doesn't have any foundation : it is founded on the material thought that generates chaos and destruction.
Note : The 2 aberrant mutations 1/B and 2/B have only one single cause, which is the abandon of the authentic spiritual values due to avarice and greediness, and also the same consequence that is the destruction of the Earth.
COMMENTARIES ABOUT THE BIRTH OF THE CITIES
Why are there cities?

In fact, we don't know why. Generally, the explanation of historians and pre-historians is that the men became sedentary after the invention of the agriculture, to protect their harvests; from there the villages were born and increased until becoming the cities. Roughly, the idea is that the abundance of food created the cities.

Even if this idea is partially just, it does not fully satisfy me: and to be frank, it seems to me very simplistic.

In Fact:

Many People became farmers, but also remained hunters-pickers (and fishermen). They used to live as semi-nomad people in tiny villages that they were periodically leaving to go hunting: this is the case for many American Indian tribes, such as the Pawnees for example. And it was also the case for some Asian mountain tribes: in fact, it was nearly the case everywhere.

People from the other tribes, when the local resources were sufficient -coming from game, fish or agriculture-, became completely sedentary: but never went over the stage of the village. While the food abundance they had at their disposal could have fed a whole huge community: or a city. This is especially the case for the American Indian tribes of the North-West such as: the Tlingits, the Kwakiutls, and the Chinooks, whose incredible wealth and richness were only coming from the Pacific Ocean and the forests.

To sum up:

All the sedentary People were not inevitably farmers: one of the examples is the Kwakiutls tribe.

The entire farmer People were not inevitably sedentary: one of the examples is the Pawnee tribe, who did not give up with hunting.

All the sedentary People rich in resources, agricultural or not, did not -as far as I know- create cities: the examples are the American Indian People of the North-West coast.

Return to summary

5.03 Then, why the cities?

In my opinion, there is another possible explanation: the progressive development of a town, from a permanent religious and/or commercial center. This seems more logical to me!

In fact we know that the nomad People were periodically organizing huge tribes' gatherings which had multiple goals: religious celebrations, commercial trades and human meetings (especially for exogamic marriages).

These feasts -or fairs- (both words "feast" and "fair" have the same etymologic origin) that generally took place when the weather was good, were lasing a long time: sometimes for months. And the sites where these events took place were most of the time chosen for their sacred character.

When the institutional religions appeared in some specific places in the world (such as in Mesopotamia, India or Central America), they founded cities and their cities on these same places of gatherings.

Note: and they appeared before the People became sedentary; the obvious evidences are the Hebrews, the Aryas and the Aztecs. These People's respective religions were created at the time when these People were still nomads. And they built temples on these sites. These temples became permanent pilgrimage places and were always associated to trades (such as Delphes, for example): generating huge gatherings of humans.

Feeding and supporting the priests and the traders, as well as the pilgrims and visitors, leads some men to exploit this lucky strike and to establish them close by: these men could be farmers or artisans.

In my opinion, here is the origin of most the ancient towns. Besides, many examples can prove my theory: such as the Aztecs who were nomad hunters who founded their capital city in 1325, lead by their clergy: that is a miserable village * of huts around the temple of their evil God "Uitzilopotchli".

* A village that became Mexico-Tenochtitlan, the head of their Empire -the case of Mexico is a deliberate foundation: other cases may correspond to my idea of foundations more or less due to coincidences.

It is also possible that in many cases, a clan or a tribe took a religious site to exploit it -monopolizing the associated clergy and trades-, and then founded the first unjust societies.

These gatherings of men, coming from many different tribes - not speaking the same languages - and out of control of their own tribal lives, may have seen the birth of numerous conflicts for various reasons: especially the possession of the richness gathered. And these facts generated in the minds of the priests and the leading traders these first embryos of cities: the idea of the necessity to tidy up the city. I think that this is the real birth of the States and their obvious consequences: hierarchy, writing, administration, army, police, laws, courts, magistrates and prisons. These are consequences that were absolutely unknown from the People practicing Shamanism.

In fact, there has never been farmer People exclusively practicing Shamanism who created cities: cities are essentially the consequences of the Religions and their Churches.

Besides, these first cities got quickly rich, which was an unknown fact for the nomad (or semi-nomad) hunters: their way of life did not allow them to become rich, and besides they were not seeking for wealth.

Let's imagine that you possess 1 million US$, which corresponds today to 100 Kg of gold: would you lose you time and the energy to carry them on your back -or even on your horse?
And what would you do with it? Gold is not a first necessity!
All these richness may have become the object of covetousness or hostility of the nomads. As a result, people from the cities had to protect themselves by recruiting mercenaries or forming armies; and simultaneously increase their territories: first to be better protected from the nomads, and also to get richer. From there, were born the Kingdoms and Empires, and finally the modern states. After this model was built, these cities founded others, in a way that they swarmed everywhere: but the first cause of these cities is the one I believe in.
We can observe concerning this subject that:

The first institutional Religions preceded the cities, because the religions founded them.

The first cities certainly preceded the intensive agriculture.

And the first cities preceded the States.

State, administration, papers (known of all the cities -with no exception- even at the Stone age: Pharaohs' Egypt and Moctezuma's Mexico knew papers, inventories, fines etc...) permanent army, intensive wars of conquests, Law, and all their consequences: crimes and thefts.

And there is no example that can contradict this, since as long as the hunters/farmers were not converted to the Institutional Religions -Polytheist, Monotheist, or Animist-, they never founded any city but only villages, which is very different.

The creation of the cities is another important step: it is the rupture of the immemorial harmony between the men and the Earth.

Finally, I would like to add that in Europe, it is very hard for us to know the culture that preceded the cities. Indeed, the Catholic Church systematically banned and destroyed the ancient religious practices, pejoratively considered and named as "paganism" *.

Note: the words "paganism" and "peasant" having the same etymologic origin, we can conclude that paganism was the religion of the peasants, in opposition to Christianity: the religion of the townspeople.

Moreover, this same Church eliminate the former "priests" (such as the druids) but also burnt or destroyed all the ancient scriptures -among other things, the runic writing- that related our past. This is why the Celts, the Germanics and the other Indo-European tribes were un-cultured (the same way that we did with the Red Sins), and that today their descendants (or you!) are completely ignorant of their own history!

Return to summary

5.04 Analysis of the positive and the negative aspects

of these two types of civilization, and conclusion.

 

THE REASONS OF THE MUTATIONS

The mutation pure of type 1: type 1/B is only a quite limited avatar coming from an hypertrophy of breeding. Anyway, it destroyed a big part of the African continent, and entire zones in Australia and America: but its dangers are quite refrained by the power of type 2/B that almost monopolized the whole property and the land's exploitation.

The mutation of pure type 2: type 2/B, regarding its actual planetary scale, generated the most serious fatal consequences -from far away! It was caused by the development of industry and material thought: in a way, type 2/B is the logical and inescapable outcome of type 2/A's evolution.

And this is why we can consider that there are basically only 2 types of real civilization: 1 and 2. Obviously there are many kinds of human ways of living that constitute, in a way, the different balances between both of these types and their mutations, in a same nation. Different types even can coexist in a same country, or a same population: but if we take the entirety of these criterions as a basis, we will realize that all the civilized societies (contemporary or from the past) can be classified in one of these 4 groups.

* * *

HISTORICAL ANTAGONISM OF THESE TWO TYPES OF CIVILIZATIONS

There is an irreducible antagonism between these two civilizations, since ever: the values of Freedom and the Order of State Control are irreconcilable

Nomads consider the cities with horror and contempt: they see cities as insane sepulchers and an insult to the land that must remain pure, and so surviving intact. On the other hand, townspeople consider with contempt this "primitive" (or "barbarian") way of life, and loathing for these boorish men, "savage" and "lazy", who threaten their properties.

In Eurasia and in the Middle East: the Hittits, the hyksos, the Scyths, the Parth, the Turks, the Huns and the Mongols have been the terror and the obsession of all the kingdoms and empires, for millenaries: from Greece to China, passing by the Pharaohs' Egypt. And it's to be protected against these nomads -"Xiong Gnu" in Chinese- that the Chinese Great Wall was built: after all, the Mongols passed it in 1213, and took Peking in 1215. 200.000 Huns, lead by Attila, failed in 451 at the Catalonic Fields, near Chalons-sur-Marne (France), confronting the Franco-Romano-Wisigothic coalition that was lead by Aetius. And Gengis-Khan (who was born in 1167) succeeded in his enterprises and built the biggest empire on the Earth: this empire was going from Europe (Zagreb, Budapest and Moscow) to Korea (Iran, China, Pakistan, and including a part of India). After they took a city, the Mongols integrated in their ranks the artists - the artisans - the young ladies and the children, who became Mongols; but they killed all the others without exception and then destroyed and burnt the city.

In America, the Aztecs were confronted to continuous pressures from the "Chichimecs" (Aztec word meaning "barbarian"): certainly the Apaches, Navajos, Kiowas and Comanches tribes; but, to dominate the townspeople, these tribes were lacking of the Mongols' major asset: the horse, that arrived to America with the Spanish of Cortez in 1519.

In Europe, the wars of the nomads to destroy the cities from the land only recently ended. In December 1241, on of Genghis-Khan lieutenants: Subotai, crossed the Danube with the firm intention to take Austria at first, and then the whole Europe. His success seemed to be certain, when in February 1242, a messenger told him that the great Khan Ogodai was dead. Subotai believed that he had time to conquer Europe, and so retreated his army to participate to the Kuriltai, which was the great council to choose a new Khan. Following this event, the Mongol Empire split. This death saved Europe from the Mongols: since there was no military power able to efficiently fight with these formidable troopers-archers, who were supported by unparalleled organization and logistics. The last attempts were those of Tamerlan, who died in 1405.

 

 Gengis Khan

Note : if you are interested with these questions, I advise you to read "Histoire de l'Archerie" (History of the Archery) by Robert Roth - Editor Max Chaleil, as well as "Gengis Khan conquérant du monde" (Gengis Khan, the conqueror of the world) by René Grousset - published by Crémille. The information contained above is extract from these books.

Finally the Mongols conversion to Buddhism transformed them into pacific hunters/pastors, which definitely kept away the danger they represented, especially for the Indo-Europeans.

Having eliminated -by chance- the nomad warrior of Eurasia, the townspeople found them again in America: the Indians. They fought them exactly the same way than in Europe, although the Red-Skins welcomed well the Whites and tolerated them to settle down their cities. Afterwards, these cities had the disastrous consequences (that we know) for the Red-Skins. But contrary to the Mongols, the Indians of the Northern America's forests and plains had, nevertheless, the excuse that they had never seen a city before!

Today, the victory of the Sons of Cain is well established and it remains nearly no vestiges of the Sons of Abel's way of living. The terror the latest inspired us for centuries still haunts our minds, and has formed all our ideas on this subject since our early childhood at the primary school.
This is why our common way of thinking about this subject is erroneous too. Our common very strong prejudice is to distinguish the "nomads-hunters-savages-primitives-starving", from the "sedentary-farmers-civilized-satiated"; but the nomads are sometimes sedentary, (living in small villages), often farmers, always civilized, and rarely know scarcity.

Moreover, we easily confuse the state of nomad (that is the exploitation of the natural resources that requires cyclical but unvarious moves) with the tramps' state of wandering.

Well, the civilization type 1 (and its different aspects, of which the nomadization) has its own well-structured rules of organization: a fact that sedentary people (the ones living in the context of the civilization type 2/A or 2/B) do not see.

The Aborigines from Australia -who we consider as extremely primitive- move on foot in small groups on considerable distances: because they know at what period they have to go to a place to exploit the resources, but also it is necessary for them, at a moment of the year, to conciliate with the ancestral spirits of the land that live in some specific places. And they do not "stray". Only the townsmen can get lost or stray in the nature: it never happens to the Children of the Earth!

* * * 

WHAT BECOME OF THE "CHILDREN OF THE EARTH"?

The Sons of Abel, the hunters - warriors - nomads - in love with the Earth, have not disappeared: they were dominated and wrapped in the civilizations type 2/A and 2/B. They obviously do not feel happy, so they are discrete. When they are not in some "reserves", they live far from the big cities, and make a living with jobs not too spoiled by the modern life. They have a strong nostalgia of the preserved Earth. Regarding their temperament, they can be artisans, artists, farmers, gardeners, landscape gardeners, small breeders, professional hunters, fishermen, lumberjacks, foresters, mountain guides, but rarely -like I am- integrated (quite well!) in the world of business and trade; they are sometimes marginal, and always misunderstood by the townspeople, such as in the past.

This is why they very talkative, or only between them. They forgot who they are, because we dis-cultured them, and also because they are not warriors anymore -but what they enjoy with life did not change that much. They are often attracted by spirituality but they don't know what way they should follow, because all the pseudo-religions and philosophies seems ludicrous to them. They also often instinctively like the Indians. If, generally, they do not deeply analyze the causes of the actual situation, nevertheless they all agree to estimate it as very bad, and it makes them sad; anyway, they do with it.

They are resigned, but they don't have the right to be - because they are the seed that never dies - because it's for them I wrote this website, and above all it is from their values that a new civilization will be born: Spirituality and Freedom.
In fact, we have to save the biosphere -an indispensable fact to our survival- and to re-found an authentic civilization. Re-founding a civilization: we require to call upon the "hunters/nomads" (type 1) People's shamanic spiritual values. Saving humanity from the dangers it created itself: we require to call upon the scientific and technologic resources of the townspeople (type 2/B).
* * *

I/I The values of the civilization type pure 1 ou 1/A.

We have to remember that in the Bible, God accepts the sacrifice of Abel and refuses Cain's sacrifice; this is why Cain killed Abel, by jealousy. So the Bible says itself that God prefers the civilization type 1.
Indeed, the remarkable assets of this culture are:

It believes that nature is a manifestation of God, and that everything is alive - everything is linked - everything is God.

As a result, it respects the earth, the land, the animals, the trees, the landscape; in fact the whole natural frame of the humans. Its relationship with the world is a relation of relatives. (The Sioux always end their prayers by "Mitakuye oyasin" - "All my relatives", this concept including every thing.)

This faith leads it to desire that the world it loves remains pure and intact, and so unchanged. This is why it transforms it as little as possible.

This kind of attitude protects the natural riches that can be transmitted intact from generation to generation.

Life within the nature is a permanent contemplation of the world that leads this civilization to understand the insignificance of the men: this generates an attitude of humility towards God and its material manifestation: the land and the sky.

It considers that the material world is only a reflection -a kind of shadow- of the spiritual world; and that the most important aim of the existence is to continue an eternal existence after death, close to God.

This faith leads it to strongly desiring a return to the spiritual world: from there spontaneously arise practices of purification and behaviours stamped with the 8 qualities previously mentioned, of which courage, patience, fidelity and generosity.

This desire's corollary is the refusal of anything that could be an obstacle to its achievement: sedentary life in an artificial environment - servile work - writing, which stops and kills the flow of the living spirit - industry - a complex life generating a dependence towards things - State, fixing arbitrary the norms of behaviour.

From there, the individual values have a pre-eminence over the collective values, and the respect of the group for each individual human process. The individual difference is seen as a collective enrichment.

From there -incidentally- arises the conviction that a return to the spiritual life is the normal destiny of the humans. Those who cannot obtain it, and will have to be reborn here to purify themselves, are considered as regrettable exceptions.

From there also arises the total absence of interest for material Science and Technology going beyond the necessary level of technology to its way of living: this is why, this civilization remains at a stage that the civilization type 2 had qualified of "primitive".

Finally, from there arises the aversion to the civilization type 2, seen as a monstrosity.

* * * 

I/II The values of the civilization type 1 mutant or 1/B.

I strictly cannot see anything positive to analyze in this culture of which extension must be vigorously fought, particularly in Africa, regarding the damages it generates on the plants and the animal environment. The fabulous myth of the "Knight of the desert" covers a different reality that is sordid: pride, mentality of possession, disrespect of the nature, and violence: the whole disguised under the abusive noun of "honor". Its only merit is to make possible human life in the desert regions: actually, it conceived admirable techniques. But we must keep in mind that this civilization is adapted to an environment it largely contributed to create, or at least to develop.

It remains that the passion of the men for possession is to be fought everywhere and forever. We must keep in mind that these breeders are, amongst other things, responsible for: the transformation of fertile savannahs into deserts - the disappearance or the scarcity of many animal species (principally the carnivores: lions, leopards, cheetahs, cougars, jaguars, bears, wolves, coyotes, thylacins of Tasmania and Australia, etc... ; but also some species of herbivorous animals such as the beisa oryx and various antelopes in Arabia - various species of kangaroos in Australia - Bison and Pronghorn antelopes in America) - and the disappearance of the great meadow in Northern America.

In fact this culture generates risks for the Earth as serious as the industrial civilization: nobody understands it, the breeders being -wrongly- considered as people who like the nature. But they just like their domestic animals for the money they can make*: and nothing else!

*As for the function to produce meat: we know there is a huge worldwide surplus production. And we also know that for our health we should eat less breed meat, and eat more cereals, vegetables, fruits, seafood and game -especially a meat poor in harmful fat. See the interview of Bichat and the page about the alimentation.
* * *

I/III Values of the civilization type 2/A,

and its mutation : type 2/B.

 

The ambition of the civilization of Cain's sons -type pure 2 or mutant- is of a totally diverging nature comparing the culture type pure 1. It's the negligence of its obligation towards God and God's work, which is in the same time the reason of its successes: Science and Technology is the cause of its problems previously described. This is why we can include the types 2/A and 2/B in one single analysis.

In fact the characteristics of the culture type 2 are:

Either it believes that nature is at the service of the men by the Divinity and conceived as being Itself different from its creation (the Bible), that only the men have a soul -and so, everything that doesn't have a soul is "dead"-, that everything depends on it, that everything is separated, that nothing in this world is God. Paradise and Hell being "somewhere else".

Or the type 2/B believes that God does not exist.

From this fact: it does not respect the Earth, the animals, the trees, and the landscape that have to be fit out to create the Man's frame of life.

So, its relation with the world is a relationship of conflict.

Its conviction is that nature is not an agreeable frame of life for the Man, and this conviction leads it to desire the world being "civilized" by its own action. This is why it transforms it as much as possible. It thinks that the Man hardly survives without its development, in the conditions it rejects; it creates the myth of the starving hunter.

This attitude wastes or destroys the natural riches, which can't be transmitted intact from generation to generation: because the action of each generation damages the natural riches for the following one.

The life within the cities and its material achievement makes it forget the power of Nature and the insignificance of the men. From that is generated an attitude stamped with a senseless pride towards the Mother-Source and its material manifestation: the land and the sky.

It considers: either Type 2/A, that Paradise is after death and that the Earth is a "hill of sorrow" (Judaism - Christianity - Islam - Hinduism), or type 2/B that only the material world exist. Consequently, the important aim of the existence is to make life on the Earth as agreeable as possible, and for those who believe in God to reach Paradise and avoid hell.

These beliefs lead it to: either type 2/B, ardently desiring, as much as possible and instantly, the satisfaction of the senses, and so the means to satisfy them by the power and money; or type 2/A, with ascetic practices of privation to access the "Heaven" or to get freed from the "hill of sorrows". From there are born the erroneous behaviours previously described in this site. Faults made with no limit for type 2/B, but with restrictions due to the Religion for type 2/A.

The corollary of these desires is the refusal of anything that could be an obstacle to their achievement: the life in a natural environment where the possibilities of sensual pleasures are -wrongly- considered as limited (there are more sexual partners in the city than in the forests). And the development of anything that allows to enjoy more by "developing": the cities and the industry to produce the goods. Obviously, this creates obligations: the servile work necessary to the industry and to make money; writing, and today computing, that make possible to fix knowledge and to manage the complexity; an agitated life generating the dependence towards the city, work, society, and all the things; the creation of the State to manage and determine arbitrary norms of behaviours. From these obligations arise: laws, police, courts and prisons (which are unknown for type 1/A), and so the criminals, since these institutions take charge of a responsibility that was individual in the past.

From all these facts arise a pre-eminence of the collective values over the individual values and the rejection by the group of each individual decision considered -for the types 2- as being a threat against public order. As a result, the individual difference is seen as a collective danger.

From there arises the conviction for the religious civilizations type 2/A (such as India) that a return to the spiritual world is the exceptional destiny of the men. Those who do not reach it, and will have to be reborn here to be purified, are considered as the norm.

Consequently, from there arises the interest for material Science and Technology, and so of their development.

From there arise as a result, the 16 major dangers that, such as the present time, threaten the humanity's survival.

Finally, from there arises the aversion for the civilization type 1, considered as a primitive stage of humanity.

CONCLUSION

ON THE POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE ASPECTS

OF BOTH TYPES, 1 AND 2.

The remarks concerning this topic, by Tacha Ushté reported by Richard Erdoes in "From Indian memory", are extremely clear:
"Before our brothers the White people came to civilize us, there was no prison in our communities. So we didn't have criminals either. There is no criminal if there is no prison. We had no lock and no keys: as a result we didn't have any thieves. If a man was too poor to own a horse, a tent or a blanket, someone gave him the necessary items. We were too primitive to grant a big value to the private property. We desired things to get rid of them, or to offer them. We didn't have money, consequently the value of a man could not be considered by his money. We didn't have either written laws, nor public prosecutors, nor politicians: consequently, we could not cheat. As you can see, we were not doing very well when the white men arrived, and I don't know how we could get out of trouble without their fundamental principles, absolutely indispensable, according to them, in a civilized society."
We can feel, when we read this text, that we must absolutely join the spiritual values of the civilization type pure 1: "the children of the earth"

 

Unknown author to whom I pay tribute

 

and throw back all the fake values, which are the values of the 3 other types.

We also can see that the only positive experience of the civilization type 2

is Science and its applications.

 
This is why everything must be rejected in the types 1/B, 2/A and 2/B,

Except the scientific and technologic knowledge.

 

Note: despite the superficial similitude, we must not confuse the return to the values of the "children of the earth", with the "ecological" or "green" political parties and the new age doctrine.

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